Glossary

TermMeaning
AdecticousWithout mandibles (used of pupae).
AlateWinged.
ArthropodMember of the phylum Arthropoda, which have a segmented body, an exoskeleton, jointed appendages, a nervous system and a brain.
Biological controlControl of a pest (e.g. arthropod or weed) by the introduction of a natural enemy or predator.
CaterpillarImmature stage (larva) of Lepidoptera.
CerciPaired appendages on abdomen of arthropods.
ChrysalisThe transition stage (pupa) of butterflies.
CocoonThe transition stage (pupa) of a moth, it is usually a silk covering.
DiapauseA delay or suspension in development of an invertebrate.
DorsumUpper surface.
EctoparasiteLives outside the host.
EndemicNative, from that region.
EndoparasiteLives within the host.
ExopterygoteProgressive wing development in external sheaths during the development of the larva/nymph.
GlabrousHairless.
HemimetabolousAn incomplete form of metamorphosis where there is no true pupal stage.
HilltopingThe gathering together at a particular location for finding a mate. Usually it is a group of males.
HolometabolismComplete metamorphosis, larva is very different to the adult and the change occurs in the pupa.
HoneydewExcrement of some Hemiptera which contains watery fluid and sugars.
Identification KeyA list of anatomical features, commonly set out as a sequence of identification steps with branches, that when followed take you to the correct identification of the organism.
IntroducedBrought to a location by conscious choice of man.
Larva / LarvaeThe immature stage(s) of an insect that goes through metamorphosis.
LarviparousSame as ovoviviparous, eggs develop in female and oviposition produces larvae.
Light trapA UV light covered with netting, setup at night to attract nocturnal insects.
MandiblesJaw or jawbone.
MaxillaeThe upper jaw, used for gripping.
MesothoraxMiddle segment of the thorax where the forewings are attached.
MetamorphosisProcess of transforming from an immature stage to an adult.
MetathoraxThe posterior (back) segment of the thorax, where the hindwings are attached.
MonophagousEating only one type of food.
Natural enemyA species that predates on or parasitizes another species.
NymphThe immature form of an insect that is not significantly different from the adult.
OviparousLays eggs
OvipositionThe act of egg (or larvae) laying.
OvipositorA tube through which insect lay eggs, often also acts as a drill to make a hole for laying eggs or feeding.
OvoviviparousEggs develop in female and oviposition produces larvae.
ParasitoidAn insect whose larvae live as parasites, resulting in the death of the host.
PhytophagousFeeds on plants.
PolyphagousEating a variety of types of food.
PretarsusLast segment on an insect leg, usually a claw or other structure.
ProthoraxThe anterior segment of the thorax.
Pupa / pupaeInactive stage of an immature insect, after a larva and before and adult.
PupariumShell or skin covering a pupa.
VentralUnderside.